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Niger or Mali, for example, where the Tuareg community (the Berber people, it must be remembered) is an ethnic minority as well as a geographically concentrated linguistic minority, essentially claims regional autonomy and respect for its culture.
To a large extent, what is commonly known as the “Arab Spring” has also proved to be a “Berber Spring”.
During the post-1830 colonial expansion we see the nurturing of the French rationale for justifying the notion of empire while at the same time lauding Republicanism.
As Charbonneau points out, in many spheres of French thought ‘‘the history of continental France is very often considered to be separate from that of imperial France…
Nowadays, especially in large metropolitan cities like London, people date for the sake of dating.
The magic of dating, the specialness of spending time with someone and getting to truly know them has been replaced by sheer volume.
Global Affairs Canada advises against all travel to within 30 km west of the Berm, Morocco’s militarized boundary in the Western Sahara, and between the Berm and neighbouring countries on the eastern side. A militarized boundary, known as the Berm, separates the Moroccan-controlled part of Western Sahara from the rest of the Saharan territory, which borders Algeria and Mauritania.
There are fatalities involving unexploded ordnance in this zone each year.
To determine this we shall first briefly analyse the main rationale behind France’s imperial expansion; its ‘mission to civilise’.
We shall then explore France’s more recent and existing relationships with its former possessions, and conclude.
At the World Social Forum in Tunis in March 2013, the large crowd and the passionate debates that had accompanied the workshops on the Berber issue revealed the new interest and enthusiasm surrounding it.